100th anniversary


A logical continuation of studies of the catalytic properties of metals in the presence of hydrogen was a series of works that formed a new direction in physical chemistry — membrane catalysis. In 1964, Vladimir Mikhailovich theoretically substantiated and experimentally confirmed the thermodynamic, energy and kinetic advantages of carrying out catalytic reactions with the selective introduction or removal of a substance through a membrane. The phenomenon of conjugation of reactions on membrane catalysts was also recorded as discovery by Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov (priority 06/12/1964, diploma No. 97). The terms “membrane catalysis” and “composite membrane catalyst” were first introduced into scientific research by Academician Gryaznov.

Of great practical importance are his studies on the development of theoretical foundations for the creation of materials for the production of membrane catalysts and reactors for their industrial application. In these experiments, composite membranes with an active metal layer on a solid polymer or porous inorganic base were developed.

In 1962, Vladimir Mikhailovich, at the invitation of Sergei Vasilyevich Rumyantsev, the first rector of the Patrice Lumumba Peoples’ Friendship University (now the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, RUDN University) began to create the Department of Physical and Colloidal Chemistry at the Science Faculty of the University, head of which he was until the end of his life — from 1962 to 2001.

The team of the scientific school “Perspective membrane-catalytic and catalytic systems for the petrochemical industry”, created by Academician Gryaznov at the Department of Physical and Colloidal Chemistry, has developed more than 20,000 new catalysts and catalytic systems, received about 100 copyright certificates and patents, has trained hundreds of professionals in the field of physical and colloid chemistry.

At the Peoples’ Friendship University, Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov prepared course programs and lectured on physical chemistry, the structure of matter, catalysis, the history of chemistry and the methodology of scientific creativity. In 1989, Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov and Natalya Vsevolodovna Orekhova published a book titled “Catalysis by noble metals. Dynamic Features”. His monograph “Methodology of Scientific Creativity” was published in 2000 and recommended by the Ministry of Education as a textbook for higher educational institutions.

During his creative activity, Academician Gryaznov published more than 500 scientific articles and works. Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov was the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Physical Chemistry for almost 20 years, a member of the editorial boards of the international journals Catalysis Letters, Catalysis Today, and chairman of the Council on Petrochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He was repeatedly invited to give lecture courses in the USA, in Europe, Africa and Latin America. Academician V.M. Gryaznov was the author of the script for the popular science film The Secret of Substance, which received an award at the Karlovy Vary Film Festival.

In the memory of Academician Gryaznov, RUDN University approved his nominal scholarship, which is annually awarded to the most deserving students of the chemical direction of the Science Faculty.


  1. 1922

    Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov was born in Moscow on July 17, 1922 in a family of employees.

  2. 1939

    1939 — graduated with honors from secondary school № 73 and enrolled in Faculty of Chemistry of Moscow State University.

  3. 1941

    Since July 1941, after the second year at the university, he took part in the World War II (Eastern Front) as part of the fighter battalion of the Krasnopresnensky district. Participated in the construction of the Northern Defense Sector of Moscow. In December 1941 he was demobilized for health reasons.

  4. 1942

    From February 1942 he continued his studies at Moscow State University. Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov began his first scientific research under the guidance of Professor Andrei Vladimirovich Frost, who headed the Department of Physical Chemistry at Moscow State University.

  5. 1944

    In 1944, Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov graduated with honors from the Faculty of Chemistry of Moscow State University, having defended his thesis “The nature of the active centers of aluminosilicate catalysts.” Went to graduate school.

  6. 1945

    In 1945, the results of his graduation research were published in the journal “Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR”.
    Vladimir Mikhailovich began his pedagogical activity in 1945 while still studying in graduate school and continued as an assistant since 1947.

  7. 1948

    In 1948 he defended his dissertation for the PhD degree in Chemistry.

  8. 1949

    In 1949 he published jointly with Professor Frost a monograph on statistical calculation methods in thermodynamics — the first such book in the USSR, which for many years was used in institutions of higher education.

  9. 1950

    In December 1950 he received the academic title of Associate Professor.

  10. 1962

    In 1962, Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov defended his dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Chemical Sciences on the topic “Study of the kinetics and mechanism of transformations of some hydrocarbons on metals”. In 1962, Vladimir Mikhailovich, at the invitation of the first rector of RUDN University S.V. Rumyantsev began to create the Department of Physical and Colloidal Chemistry at the Faculty of Sciences of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, the head of which he was until the end of his life from 1962 to 2001.

  11. 1963

    In 1963 he was approved for the degree of Doctor of Chemical Sciences and the academic title of professor.

  12. 1964

    In 1964, Vladimir Mikhailovich organized a membrane catalysis laboratory at the Institute of Combustible Fossils of the USSR Academy of Sciences (today A. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis), which he headed until 2001. Under the leadership of V.M. Gryaznov at RUDN University and at A. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis were defended about 40 Ph.D. dissertations and 6 doctoral dissertations.

  13. 1978

    In 1978, Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov became the “Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR” for his work in the field of industrial catalysis.

  14. 1981

    In 1981 he was elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (now the Russian Academy of Sciences, RAS).

  15. 1990

    In 1990, Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov was elected an academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

  16. 2001

    May 19, 2001 — the last day of the life of Academician Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov.


  • 1978

  • 1981

  • 1995

  • 1998

Among the awards of Vladimir Mikhailovich Gryaznov